Home » VintageKustom.com » Repairing Kustom Amps » 250-4 (got it burnt up to repair on my bech)
250-4 [message #28618] Wed, 22 June 2022 16:29 Go to next message
kb0rex is currently offline  kb0rex
Messages: 17
Registered: June 2022
Junior Member
got brought a 250-4 from garage sale got it for 50 bucks... I can see why. It's smoked 9 ways to Sunday. Customer got this in black with the speakers wants the pa repaired. Found this site pulled the schematics. Someone had tried to repair and had no idea as the outputs were all the same wiring (2 backwards) the usual suspects 95.3 681s and 1ks burnt in half. driver also shorted. Relaced all the above and it's somewhat alive, has a nasty hum but does pass signal now that the effects board is also repaired the ic1 op amp 1/2 gone. reverb tremolo and vibrato good. It now limps along. It runs hot and thermal on the heat sink will shut it down. the 5065 board seems to still have issues, but I am apparently too dumb to figure it out, its pulling the power supply down to 37+- volts. I had no voltage on the outputs but after going back over the board and putting in the correct 95.3 and 681s I also tried using 4007s for cr1 and 2 as they tested better than the old white ones in there. I also thought this might clean up the Humm and heat but not I have a +1 volt or so on output . Steve or Bill I seem to be thrashing on this one. Work on lots of amps first time Kustom although it seems like a interesting amp built like a tank. Thanks Doug
Re: 250-4 [message #28619 is a reply to message #28618] Thu, 23 June 2022 15:49 Go to previous messageGo to next message
chicagobill
Messages: 1989
Registered: April 2003
Senior Member
Welcome to the place.

I would first fix the power amp problems before working on the FX and the preamps. Almost all of the Kustom power amps use the same basic architecture, and are really basic. All the major manufacturers have used the same basic design for the past 40-50 years. You should not have any problem getting it figured out.

If the power amp is overheating, then there probably is a balance problem between the two halves of the output section. This can also be the source of the hum and of the voltage on the output. I don't know if you have a light bulb limiter available, but if you do, use it until you get the power amp working. Check all of the transistors in the power amp and take voltage readings to see if they come close to the listed schematic values.

The 1N3754 diode that clips to the heat sink is fragile, so be careful while you are working on the amp.
Re: 250-4 [message #28620 is a reply to message #28618] Thu, 23 June 2022 17:17 Go to previous messageGo to next message
kb0rex is currently offline  kb0rex
Messages: 17
Registered: June 2022
Junior Member
well I typed a long reply but apparently got logged out. So here is the short retyped version. I usually use the bulb limiter on any items I get into for repair. also a variac. On this on I replaced the worst first, the output's , which were shorted the drivers also and there 95.3 and 681 and .51 5 watters. I also replaced q6 and 7. So q4-13 have been replaced and the resisters associated with them. I also replaced cr1 and cr2 with 4007s to try and cool power section as its working now but hot. I have also at this time repaired the effects board to function and now this amp passes signal end to end with good volume. I just can't seem to get the power amp section to balance. I have not tried the diff amp q1 and q2 or changed q3. With power amp disconnected I have good +- rails at 40.3volts. This drops to 37 with power amp inline. So I am at a loss where to got.... I suspect the bias but don't know this amp well enough. Thanks for tossing me a life line.

Doug
Sad
Re: 250-4 [message #28621 is a reply to message #28618] Thu, 23 June 2022 17:17 Go to previous messageGo to next message
kb0rex is currently offline  kb0rex
Messages: 17
Registered: June 2022
Junior Member
test1
Re: 250-4 [message #28622 is a reply to message #28619] Thu, 23 June 2022 17:20 Go to previous messageGo to next message
kb0rex is currently offline  kb0rex
Messages: 17
Registered: June 2022
Junior Member
test4
Re: 250-4 [message #28623 is a reply to message #28618] Thu, 23 June 2022 18:09 Go to previous messageGo to next message
kb0rex is currently offline  kb0rex
Messages: 17
Registered: June 2022
Junior Member
I forgot I have also converted this to 3 prongs plug and used the polarity switch for the power switch as it had a single metal switch for the power switch put in with a branding iron I think. I have ordered the replacement bulb and am thinking of putting a 120v neon behind a blue plastic face for the polarity. It looks like all this drama happened because the reverb tank holders wore out and broke and it landed on the power outputs. Ka Boom
Re: 250-4 [message #28624 is a reply to message #28618] Thu, 23 June 2022 19:45 Go to previous messageGo to next message
kb0rex is currently offline  kb0rex
Messages: 17
Registered: June 2022
Junior Member
since the reverb tank mounts rotted away and landed on the +- rails, now what is the best way you all have found to reattach it?
Re: 250-4 [message #28625 is a reply to message #28618] Fri, 24 June 2022 06:20 Go to previous messageGo to next message
stevem is currently offline  stevem
Messages: 4545
Registered: June 2004
Location: NY
Senior Member
There held on with four 6/32" machine screws if I recall right , and you mean to tell me they rotted away, or did the metal reverb lock disc come off its handle and fall down?

With this lock on rear set I don't think that tank can fall that far!

I will open one of mine on the weekend and confirm the size of the machine screws for you.

Note that most times you can find the correct 1N3754 bias diode being sold on eBay, or 4 star electronics and other N.O.S suppliers have them.
I would get the correct one even if it's 15 bucks!

PS.
I too have been logged off the site somehow when typing a long reply and then going to post it , so don't feel bad, lol!

[Updated on: Fri, 24 June 2022 06:55]

Report message to a moderator

Re: 250-4 [message #28626 is a reply to message #28625] Fri, 24 June 2022 10:50 Go to previous messageGo to next message
kb0rex is currently offline  kb0rex
Messages: 17
Registered: June 2022
Junior Member
Steve or Bill any ideas on what else to try on the 5065-board balance problem or maybe so much has been done on this we need to start from ground zero? At this time amp can be powered from wall outlet but has signal and volume but has pretty good Humm and the outputs get hot and thermal will cut in. With a thermal gun I think its related to q10 and 11 and supporting drivers. Steve, it looks like the original reverb bolts were on one end with rubber shock supports and then another thread to a bolt on the tank, I am thinking of 8x32 threaded rod with piece of plastic for shock support to reinstall tank. The tank in this thing is a accutronics 031-0047-01. I don't see a hole or any kind of area for a reverb lock, on this amp.
Re: 250-4 [message #28627 is a reply to message #28626] Fri, 24 June 2022 11:00 Go to previous messageGo to next message
kb0rex is currently offline  kb0rex
Messages: 17
Registered: June 2022
Junior Member
Remeasuring this morning I have +.210 on speaker output and 36.46 on +- rails. With all preamps turned down. Could the diff amps have been stressed when this got cooked? I just can't remember how they work but I seem to recall they must be the phaser in this amp. I can't figure out what q3 does. Almost want to put a pot in for the bias to play with it.
Re: 250-4 [message #28628 is a reply to message #28627] Fri, 24 June 2022 11:23 Go to previous messageGo to next message
kb0rex is currently offline  kb0rex
Messages: 17
Registered: June 2022
Junior Member
remeasuring more I am going to check cr3. What diodes can I sub into this for cr 1-3 to test. 4148's or 4007s?
Re: 250-4 [message #28629 is a reply to message #28618] Fri, 24 June 2022 11:23 Go to previous messageGo to next message
stevem is currently offline  stevem
Messages: 4545
Registered: June 2004
Location: NY
Senior Member
A easy test to make if you can't test the 4 outputs directly for leakage is to swap them in pairs around each side of the thermal breaker.

If the + .210 VDC you have on the jack goes to a negative, then one of those two outputs on the negative rail is leaking, or one of them is very very unmatched to the other 3 .

All K 250 and 150 metal face amps like you have, have or had a reverb lock.

I guess you now have a hole in the center rear of the back panel?
Re: 250-4 [message #28630 is a reply to message #28618] Fri, 24 June 2022 12:19 Go to previous messageGo to next message
kb0rex is currently offline  kb0rex
Messages: 17
Registered: June 2022
Junior Member
The back on this 250-4 is different then the one on the reverb store pictures. It has on the back 6 1/4 inch jacks. Reverb,fuzz,boost,output,tape record, and way on the right corner module input. No place for reverb lock handle. Looks like a opening for a slide switch on the far left side by the slack wind up which is open, nothing in it. So I don't know if this is really old or came later without the reverb lock. Serial number 104867.

[Updated on: Fri, 24 June 2022 12:20]

Report message to a moderator

Re: 250-4 [message #28631 is a reply to message #28618] Fri, 24 June 2022 12:34 Go to previous messageGo to next message
kb0rex is currently offline  kb0rex
Messages: 17
Registered: June 2022
Junior Member
I am looking online at this url https://reverb.com/item/28177357-vintage-1972-kustom-k250-4- solid-state-250-watt-tuck-roll-head and I see on mine the 2 little holes to the above right of the tape record but no hole for the lock maybe it was towards the end of production.
Re: 250-4 [message #28632 is a reply to message #28618] Fri, 24 June 2022 12:47 Go to previous messageGo to next message
chicagobill
Messages: 1989
Registered: April 2003
Senior Member
Definitely check the differential pair transistors. They have a great effect on output offset voltage.

Bias is set by the three diodes that connect the bases of the driver transistors. The higher the voltage difference between the bases the higher the idle bias. The 1N4007 will work as replacements, but so will 1N4148s. There should be approx. 2 vdc different between the bases.

What transistors did you use as replacements for the outputs and for the drivers?
Re: 250-4 [message #28633 is a reply to message #28632] Fri, 24 June 2022 13:56 Go to previous messageGo to next message
kb0rex is currently offline  kb0rex
Messages: 17
Registered: June 2022
Junior Member
Hi Bill
I used rca 40409's and 40410 for drivers and nte130's for the mains. It was really fried when I got it. I did not change the diff's I have somebc556's on hand would they work? Do'nt know what to use for q3. What little hair I have left is commihng out now... I swapped in some 9500 50volts caps to no change, I really agree its unbalanced, Steve I swapped the outpts from the 2 halfs, now I have +3.2... I will double check what I have done.
Re: 250-4 [message #28634 is a reply to message #28618] Fri, 24 June 2022 14:42 Go to previous messageGo to next message
kb0rex is currently offline  kb0rex
Messages: 17
Registered: June 2022
Junior Member
your right bill 2.01 volts across the bias diodes base to base. I guess if these are good, Crying or Very Sad I'll go after the diff's... aye pull the board again.
Re: 250-4 [message #28635 is a reply to message #28618] Fri, 24 June 2022 15:09 Go to previous messageGo to next message
stevem is currently offline  stevem
Messages: 4545
Registered: June 2004
Location: NY
Senior Member
Since it's dc and not ac ripple your reading on the output jack changing out the main rail filter's would not solve that issue.

Also do not power up the amp without that 3 pin molex connector being plugged in as that is where that whole 5065 board gets it's ground from, that's unless you want to blow up more parts, lol!

A long these same lines since the connection pins on the board are aluminum I have seen these solder connections go bad, so I now always reflow them with a really hot iron, and with the plug out of the connector.

[Updated on: Fri, 24 June 2022 15:11]

Report message to a moderator

Re: 250-4 [message #28636 is a reply to message #28618] Fri, 24 June 2022 15:47 Go to previous messageGo to next message
kb0rex is currently offline  kb0rex
Messages: 17
Registered: June 2022
Junior Member
hi Steve acouple of days ago I had the board out when doing initial repairs and when reinstalled notice crap from the connector and when I inspected the board all 3 pins were iffy and totally loose and wiggled to the touch. I did reflow those a couple of days back. When I was fixing the effects board i noticed the only ground path was pin 2 of the molex.. don't really like that engineering but it is what it is. When I was tracing signal I had the connector apart but made sure I jumpered the ground path into pin 2. I swapped the differental transistors to pnp bc556 to no effect seems the same. maybe a little quiter. have not changed out q3.
Re: 250-4 [message #28637 is a reply to message #28618] Fri, 24 June 2022 16:07 Go to previous messageGo to next message
kb0rex is currently offline  kb0rex
Messages: 17
Registered: June 2022
Junior Member
looks like q3 crosses to nte128 for 38735 and nte16005 for 40408 so that's weird do you guys have a preferred one?
Re: 250-4 [message #28638 is a reply to message #28618] Fri, 24 June 2022 16:49 Go to previous messageGo to next message
stevem is currently offline  stevem
Messages: 4545
Registered: June 2004
Location: NY
Senior Member
The 16005 is a 2 amp rated, but I have always used a 128 with a heat sink cap on it.
The later 5065 boards used in the PA stand alone power amps used 60859 TO 220 type on a heat sink, so something like that will work if you have such .
Re: 250-4 [message #28639 is a reply to message #28618] Fri, 24 June 2022 17:22 Go to previous messageGo to next message
kb0rex is currently offline  kb0rex
Messages: 17
Registered: June 2022
Junior Member
Maybe we are finding something I have +5 volts or so at the collector of q6 on the cathode side of cr 4, so somethings not right around the q6 area. When I got this mess this transistor was blowen in half. I replaced it makes me wonder now if it got blowen again.
Re: 250-4 [message #28640 is a reply to message #28618] Fri, 24 June 2022 19:15 Go to previous messageGo to next message
stevem is currently offline  stevem
Messages: 4545
Registered: June 2004
Location: NY
Senior Member
Does Q8 test shorted?

[Updated on: Fri, 24 June 2022 19:17]

Report message to a moderator

Re: 250-4 [message #28641 is a reply to message #28640] Fri, 24 June 2022 22:16 Go to previous message
kb0rex is currently offline  kb0rex
Messages: 17
Registered: June 2022
Junior Member
going to have to test it I changed all the drivers. But a lot has happened since then. I will ohm it out in ckt first, if it looks weird I'll pull it unless you recommend pulling it first.
Previous Topic: Please help me identify all capacitors on pc 5131 revo
Goto Forum:
  


Current Time: Mon Jun #d 17:41:39 EDT 2022
.:: Contact :: Home ::.

Powered by: FUDforum 3.0.9.