Home » VintageKustom.com » Repairing Kustom Amps » Changes in capacitor values - from schematic (restoring)
Changes in capacitor values - from schematic [message #25978] Fri, 03 March 2017 22:47 Go to next message
Saransk is currently offline  Saransk
Messages: 20
Registered: February 2017
Location: Northern Virginia
Junior Member
I'm currently working on a PC1500 from the "garage sale" K100C-8 that had very low volume and a "funky" volume control corcuit
What I've discovered is that, so far, every 100uf capacitor on the schematic (C1501,C1506) and I suspect the matching ones on PC1400, are all 33uf capacitors.
This appears to be factory installations, either due to size, or costs. A couple of the film capacitors are also different values, such as the .15uf input capacitor is actually .47uf.
On both boards (1500 & 1400) the 10uf output capacitor had the positive leg on the power amp side of the connection, reversed from the schematic

Not sure if any of this makes a difference, but I can't help but feel the higher power buss caps might make it quieter. What about the polarity direction of the output coupling capacitor. As it is primarily for DC blocking I suspect it makes no difference.

Should I be concerned about the difference between what was built, and the schematic?
Re: Changes in capacitor values - from schematic [message #25979 is a reply to message #25978] Fri, 03 March 2017 23:56 Go to previous messageGo to next message
chicagobill
Messages: 2005
Registered: April 2003
Senior Member
The substitution of the 33uF caps for the 2 100uF caps may have been done because the factory ran out of the 100uF caps that day and they had to finish running the line. The value in those positions will not be all that critical, so I wouldn't worry that much about them. If you are recapping the amp, then I would go with the schematic value.

As for the output cap polarity, it does make a difference if there is voltage at the output of the preamp. Yes, it is a dc blocking cap and the positive side should connect to the side of the circuit that has the higher voltage. To be safe, you should measure the dc voltages on each side of the cap to see if they are installed correctly or not.
Re: Changes in capacitor values - from schematic [message #25980 is a reply to message #25979] Sat, 04 March 2017 00:06 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Saransk is currently offline  Saransk
Messages: 20
Registered: February 2017
Location: Northern Virginia
Junior Member
This is a unmodified, maybe unrepaired amp
On the PC1400, which works fine, the positive side of the cap faces the PC900 as opposed to the schematic
But I'll measure the voltage one the line
Re: Changes in capacitor values - from schematic [message #25984 is a reply to message #25978] Mon, 06 March 2017 06:06 Go to previous messageGo to next message
stevem is currently offline  stevem
Messages: 4738
Registered: June 2004
Location: NY
Senior Member
If your recapping then just order up non polarized electrolytic types and then it does not matter.

Is there a issue with the amp humming, as you mention the main supply filters?

How does the 8 volt plus and minus supply check in the amp, and are the two output Transistors original RCAs?

[Updated on: Mon, 06 March 2017 06:10]

Report message to a moderator

Re: Changes in capacitor values - from schematic [message #25985 is a reply to message #25984] Mon, 06 March 2017 09:12 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Saransk is currently offline  Saransk
Messages: 20
Registered: February 2017
Location: Northern Virginia
Junior Member
As far as I can tell, this is basically 100% stock box that I bought.
No humming from the amp - sounds great using the "plain" channel
I did change the power caps, and the smoothing caps on the PC900 board.
The PC1500 had issues so it is getting a "make-over"
What is interesting is that I've found several 10uf caps reversed from the schematics - and all were factory installed that way.
Besides the 2 coupling caps from PC1400/PC1500 output, the capacitor connected to the Intensity control was reversed. It appears it was only the 10uf caps that were affected.
Since WIMA makes a great line of small film caps, most of the tantalum caps in the audio path will be replaced, only the 10uf will be ELNA. That negates the whole polarity issue.

What really is evident is that the designer(s) had "real" audio background. The Power Amp (PC900) looks more like a high-end stereo amp - think Phase Linear/David Hafler/Harmon Kardon Citation. Very over-designed. The use of feedback volume controls is very high-end, not sure any other guitar amp maker ever used them. And the regulated voltage for the preamps did cut down on the noise. Other contemporary amp designs were primitive - like the US designed VOX amps and the early Fender Solid State amps.

I wonder, has anyone rebuilt the voltage regulators using "modern" IC's, like the LM317, when they fail
Re: Changes in capacitor values - from schematic [message #25988 is a reply to message #25978] Mon, 06 March 2017 13:00 Go to previous message
stevem is currently offline  stevem
Messages: 4738
Registered: June 2004
Location: NY
Senior Member
Not just the early US Vox amps and Fenders, but the the 71 to like 78 Acoustic amps where simplistic single rail power supply's also!
Kustom where also using FET type Transistors long before others where too!

I have thought about using a modern IC based regulators in these amps when repairing them, but I don't think they would provide any audio quality improvement in regards to being a Guitar amp?

They only thing they could really use especially in the early Frank type heads is a output stability circuit like Peavey SS amps started using very early on.

[Updated on: Mon, 06 March 2017 13:03]

Report message to a moderator

Previous Topic: K200 B5 PA head help
Next Topic: Krossroad 500 - "pop" when shutting off
Goto Forum:
  


Current Time: Thu May 23 05:58:17 EDT 2024
.:: Contact :: Home ::.

Powered by: FUDforum 3.1.3.