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Repairing a Kustom TBR400 [message #29143] Tue, 24 October 2023 10:53 Go to next message
weezykid is currently offline  weezykid
Messages: 9
Registered: October 2023
Location: PA
Junior Member
Hello all,

New to the board, but not to amp repair, but prefer to work on tube amps usually.

This amp came to me from a friend and it is blowing fuses when powered on. After some testing and inspection, I have found it is in the line of the red wires from the transformer. Bridge rectifier test good, 10000uf caps test good (but have a slight bulge and since they are 23 year old, may replace) with my blue esr. R314 and R337 were dark, board is a little toasty under those resistors so started testing around that area and find that the a970 (Q11 on the board, Q311 on the schem) is testing bad. However they are not available anymore and need to source a replacement.

Any suggestions on a replacement to the a970? Anyone have a newer schem than the one dated 4/16/2000 and also any update sheets as well?

And any other suggestions on things to look for in this model while I have it open?

Thank you!


Mike
Re: Repairing a Kustom TBR400 [message #29144 is a reply to message #29143] Tue, 24 October 2023 15:10 Go to previous messageGo to next message
stevem is currently offline  stevem
Messages: 4738
Registered: June 2004
Location: NY
Senior Member
The A970 crosses over to a NTE 383.

If you go to the NTE parts direct site you can order it there.

If the main rail filters are swelling they should be replaced.

[Updated on: Tue, 24 October 2023 15:12]

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Re: Repairing a Kustom TBR400 [message #29145 is a reply to message #29144] Tue, 24 October 2023 15:15 Go to previous messageGo to next message
weezykid is currently offline  weezykid
Messages: 9
Registered: October 2023
Location: PA
Junior Member
stevem wrote on Tue, 24 October 2023 15:10
The A970 crosses over to a NTE 383.

If you go to the NTE parts direct site you can order it there.

If the main rail filters are swelling they should be replaced.

Thank you @stevem!

Was really surprised that Kustom got back to me and they have an a970 in stock. However they want $15 shipped. They did send the schematic, but was the same one I already had. Although they did send the XRAY foil side placement schem which is cool.

So far i havent found any other parts that may have cause the a970 to fail. Part failure or any suggestions of other items to check?
Always change caps when I have them out if they are old or bumped like this, for $7ea, it is worth it.


Mike
Re: Repairing a Kustom TBR400 [message #29146 is a reply to message #29143] Wed, 25 October 2023 06:49 Go to previous messageGo to next message
stevem is currently offline  stevem
Messages: 4738
Registered: June 2004
Location: NY
Senior Member
If you go for the NTE replacement be sure to check if the E and C leads are reversed .

nTE does this a lot some times.
When you fire the amp back up use a veriac to bring the ac up slow if you have one and monitor the dc voltage on the speaker output.

If you start to see a dc level approaching 1 volt then you have output stage issues.

For the first fire up I would also derate the fuses to one half there normal value so that at fire up they blow faster and limit any further harm from taking place.
Re: Repairing a Kustom TBR400 [message #29151 is a reply to message #29143] Tue, 31 October 2023 11:55 Go to previous messageGo to next message
weezykid is currently offline  weezykid
Messages: 9
Registered: October 2023
Location: PA
Junior Member
Kustom has them in stock and are sending out a replacement which I imagine are NOS.

Have new caps coming as well for it, Will let you know how it goes.


Mike
Re: Repairing a Kustom TBR400 [message #29166 is a reply to message #29143] Wed, 08 November 2023 11:00 Go to previous messageGo to next message
weezykid is currently offline  weezykid
Messages: 9
Registered: October 2023
Location: PA
Junior Member
Replaced the r314 and R337 4.7k with 1 watts. Replaced the c321/322 since they were humped and replaced the a970 transistor.

Bringing up the volts on the variac, the variac reset pops at 70v so there is still an issue.

When I had the rest apart I pulled the rectifier and it tests good. When I pll the red lines for the transformer, the amp powers on happy, fan blowing and all "seems" good. Red lines off the transformer measure 106v at 113v ont he variac. Pulled the power lines for the output board to try and narrow down the area, but the variac still pops so the issue is on the main board.

During the test up to 70v, I did not see DC on the outputs.


Mike
Re: Repairing a Kustom TBR400 [message #29167 is a reply to message #29143] Wed, 08 November 2023 11:01 Go to previous messageGo to next message
weezykid is currently offline  weezykid
Messages: 9
Registered: October 2023
Location: PA
Junior Member
dup msg, sorry

Mike

[Updated on: Wed, 08 November 2023 12:25]

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Re: Repairing a Kustom TBR400 [message #29168 is a reply to message #29143] Wed, 08 November 2023 17:11 Go to previous messageGo to next message
stevem is currently offline  stevem
Messages: 4738
Registered: June 2004
Location: NY
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Right now I can't find my schematic for this amp, but I do recall mine blowing up about 12 years ago and mine burned up those same two resistors.
This was with all of about 10 hours of play time on the amp.

Fortunately it did it at home and to this day I still gig with my 1971 K250 head, talk about a testimonial to build quality!

I just can't recall what more I did back then to fix the whole issue.

I think there are power supply voltage regulators on the left side of the heat sink as seen with the output transistors facing you, might be worth checking those.

What I do recall is that the traces on that board lifted very easily and even with a desoldering station had to jump a few connections back to working.

Give me a few days to think about this.

[Updated on: Wed, 08 November 2023 17:14]

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Re: Repairing a Kustom TBR400 [message #29170 is a reply to message #29168] Thu, 09 November 2023 10:02 Go to previous messageGo to next message
weezykid is currently offline  weezykid
Messages: 9
Registered: October 2023
Location: PA
Junior Member
stevem wrote on Wed, 08 November 2023 17:11
Right now I can't find my schematic for this amp, but I do recall mine blowing up about 12 years ago and mine burned up those same two resistors.
This was with all of about 10 hours of play time on the amp.

Fortunately it did it at home and to this day I still gig with my 1971 K250 head, talk about a testimonial to build quality!

I just can't recall what more I did back then to fix the whole issue.

I think there are power supply voltage regulators on the left side of the heat sink as seen with the output transistors facing you, might be worth checking those.

What I do recall is that the traces on that board lifted very easily and even with a desoldering station had to jump a few connections back to working.

Give me a few days to think about this.
I do have a schem on my google drive I can share, but havent hit 10 posts yet..

//drive.google.com/drive/folders/1Qfi_7JfqRgA7SxN_jAwzftUt9g sWHFr3?usp=sharing


Going to start digging into the transistors on the heat sink and I think there is one on the left side that goes up into the heatsink..

So far the traces have been good, nothing like the old, early 70's Ampegs. Although I do have a Hakko FR-301 to make life a little easier.

Not looking forward to pulling all of the transistor on the heat sink haha


Mike
Re: Repairing a Kustom TBR400 [message #29171 is a reply to message #29143] Thu, 09 November 2023 11:42 Go to previous messageGo to next message
stevem is currently offline  stevem
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Registered: June 2004
Location: NY
Senior Member
There's only one schematic I have ever seen for these.

If I recall right that transistor up in the belly of the heat sink is doing something to the bias voltage.

Sometimes it's easier to cut thru a trace to isolate a component and test it and then just solder it back together.

[Updated on: Thu, 09 November 2023 11:45]

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Re: Repairing a Kustom TBR400 [message #29177 is a reply to message #29143] Tue, 21 November 2023 15:39 Go to previous messageGo to next message
weezykid is currently offline  weezykid
Messages: 9
Registered: October 2023
Location: PA
Junior Member
Steve was awesome enough to reach out via PM and we dicsussed the schematic and he gave me some great input.

For those who are working on this same issue, my case the amp was popping the power fuse on the back of the amp. Replaced the a970 transistor, r314 and R337 4.7k with 1 watts and replaced some caps as well. Venturing into the output transistors I found one bad 2sc5200 so I have a replacement coming.

Since i have all of the output transistor out, I will also redo the thermal paste for them and the thermal pads on the heat sink.

Once I have the new 2sc5200 in I will update all with the results.


Mike
Re: Repairing a Kustom TBR400 [message #29178 is a reply to message #29143] Wed, 22 November 2023 07:04 Go to previous messageGo to next message
stevem is currently offline  stevem
Messages: 4738
Registered: June 2004
Location: NY
Senior Member
👍

When you get it up and running make sure the fan is good.
The fan in these amps runs all the time just so you know.

I am curious, did this transistor that blew happen to be on the side of the heat sink and dead center in front of the blade?

[Updated on: Wed, 22 November 2023 07:12]

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Re: Repairing a Kustom TBR400 [message #29213 is a reply to message #29178] Fri, 05 January 2024 08:56 Go to previous message
weezykid is currently offline  weezykid
Messages: 9
Registered: October 2023
Location: PA
Junior Member
stevem wrote on Wed, 22 November 2023 07:04
👍

When you get it up and running make sure the fan is good.
The fan in these amps runs all the time just so you know.

I am curious, did this transistor that blew happen to be on the side of the heat sink and dead center in front of the blade?

Hey Steve, I apologize I missed your response. The transistor that blew was in the center and at the end of the first bank of 4. Fan was in good working order as well.


Mike
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